Treating TMD/TMJ Symptoms

Treating TMD/TMJ Symptoms

There is no known cure for TMD, therefore the management of TMD or TMJ symptoms is similar to the management of other orthopedic or rheumatologic disorders.
The goals of TMD management should include:

  • Decreasing pain
  • Reducing the load on the TMJ’s
  • Returning to normal function and daily activities of the jaw
Goals can be best achieved by identifying all contributing factors and following a well-defined management program to treat these factors.

Non-surgical, conservative treatment of TMD may include:

  • Behavioral management
  • Relaxation training
  • Oral orthopedic appliance
  • Physical therapy
  • Medications

Proper treatment of TMD/TMJ and Orofacial Pain should start with a proper evaluation.

Such evaluation should include:

History

  • Jaw, head and neck symptoms
  • Medical
  • Dental
  • Personal and family
  • Psychosocial
Physical
  • TMJ’s
  • Cervical spine
  • Muscles of jaw, head and neck
  • Neurological structures
  • Teeth, gums and soft tissue
It may include:
  • Additional Testing such as X-rays, MRI and neurological testing

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